Analysts found a rock workshop of Neanderthals in Pietraszyno (Silesia). As indicated by researchers, it is the main such expansive workshop in Central Europe that was not situated in a cavern. Up until now, specialists have tallied 17,000 stone items made 60 thousand years prior.
Neandertals (Homo neanderthalensis) were close relatives of contemporary man (Homo sapiens). They presumably showed up in Poland roughly 300,000 years prior. The most established stone apparatuses they utilized, found on the Vistula, are more than 200,000 years of age, and the remaining parts are more than 100,000 years of age.
“On the bank of the waterway in Pietraszyno, we found an exceptional measure of stone items – 17,000 – surrendered by Neanderthals roughly 60,000 years back” – says Dr. Andrzej Wiśniewski from the Institute of Archeology, University of Wrocław. Since 2018, the specialist has been directing joint unearthings with scientists from the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig in the system of a National Science Center undertaking. As he would see it, this is the principal such extensive Neandertal workshop found in Central Europe that was not situated in a cavern.
As of recently, researchers trusted that such substantial collections of rock devices in a single spot started to show up somewhat later, with contemporary man, between 40,000 years and 10 thousand years prior. “This was confirmation of a progressively precise and standard task in a given territory” – the paleontologist says.
Researchers trusted that Neanderthals not living in caverns did not settle in such places for a really long time. Along these lines, it was hard to discover solid hints of their essence; frequently they are singular instruments dispersed close to the spots where they were been utilized, for instance, where creatures were butchered.
“The finds from Pietraszyno totally repudiate the old vision of the utilization of open zones by Neanderthals. It gives the idea that in this spot a network was available over a more drawn out period, as prove by the extensive number of found items. What’s more, there are additionally protected survives from mammoth, rhinoceros and pony bones” – the researcher says.
Archeologists had the capacity to distinguish the spots where specific kinds of instruments had been made. Amid unearthings, they found various stone squandered created amid the generation of instruments, for example, hand tomahawks or blades. Strikingly, without precedent for this piece of Europe, researchers had the capacity to reproduce the entire procedure of making the instrument from the main hit on a square of stone to a completed item. Archeologists were likewise ready to state which apparatuses had been utilized, and which had not.
“Neanderthals made not very many sorts of instruments in this spot, which shows that these exercises were socially settled upon and served the shared objectives. A portion of the items were presumably used to cut meat. Proof of this are the remaining parts of creatures found by them” – says Dr. Wiśniewski. The researcher includes this is likewise prove by microtraces unmistakable on the instruments.
Itemized examination of the procedure of making the devices permitted to decide they had been made by a few people.
In any case, archeologists found far less items than one would anticipate. This was the end following the check of found parts of stones made amid the readiness of explicit instruments. “It implies that they were removed some place and utilized” – the researcher includes.
Researchers consider the Neanderthal a “sibling”, not a progenitor of contemporary man – he had a place with the wiped out line of homo sapiens. For quite a while, this animal categories was exhibited in a somewhat biased way – as semi-creature and crude creatures. Research from late years shows that this human species shared more for all intents and purpose with us than recently thought.
“The disclosures from Pietraszyno affirm that regular daily existence of Neanderthals was a long way from the long-standing model. Expanding measure of information affirm solid similitudes in different circles of action to practices recently credited solely to anatomically current man” – says Dr. Wiśniewski.
In the sentiment of the specialist, in spite of the past perspectives, Neanderthals had a great created social and regional structure. “In numerous regards, it was like that of anatomically present day men that went to these regions numerous centuries later” – he contends.
“Just in the most recent decade, researchers have given proof that Neanderthals utilized images, leaving baffling signs on the dividers of caverns, and made adornments. They most likely covered the dead, utilized and looked after flame, and constructed basic engineering structures, also that they had an extremely various eating routine, as did the agents of our species living in a similar period” – finishes up Dr. Wiśniewski.